How to Create a Tower Defense Game in AS3 – Part 4

Part 4: Making Turrets Attack Enemies

Well, it’s now time to let the enemies we just created be destroyed. Let’s dig in, shall we?

First, we’ll define a single health variable for the Enemy. Just add this code to “Enemy.as” where we define all of the variables:

public var health:int = 5;

Next, we’re going to have to create a new class. We’ve done this many times before, so hopefully I don’t need to remind you how to do it. Just create a new ActionScript file and save it as “Bullet.as”. Now, we’re just going to have to place a bit of code into it:

package {
	import flash.display.MovieClip;
	import flash.events.*;
	public class Bullet extends MovieClip {
		private var _root:*;
		//these two variables below must be set to public so that we can edit them outside the class
		public var target;//the target that this guy is moving towards
		public var damage:int;//how much damage this guy inflicts on the enemy
 
		private var xSpeed:Number;//how fast it's moving horizontally
		private var ySpeed:Number;//how fast it's moving vertically
		private var maxSpeed:Number = 5;//how fast it can go
		public function Bullet() {
			addEventListener(Event.ADDED,beginClass);//this will run every time this guy is made
			addEventListener(Event.ENTER_FRAME,eFrame);//this will run every frame
		}
		private function beginClass(e:Event):void {
			_root = MovieClip(root);//setting the root
 
			//drawing this guy (it'll be a small white circle)
			this.graphics.beginFill(0xFFFFFF);
			this.graphics.drawCircle(0,0,2);
			this.graphics.endFill();
		}
		private function eFrame(e:Event):void {
			var yDist:Number=target.y+12.5 - this.y;//how far this guy is from the enemy (x)
			var xDist:Number=target.x+12.5 - this.x;//how far it is from the enemy (y)
			var angle:Number=Math.atan2(yDist,xDist);//the angle that it must move
			ySpeed=Math.sin(angle) * maxSpeed;//calculate how much it should move the enemy vertically
			xSpeed=Math.cos(angle) * maxSpeed;//calculate how much it should move the enemy horizontally
			//move the bullet towards the enemy
			this.x+= xSpeed;
			this.y+= ySpeed;
 
			if(this.hitTestObject(target)){//if it touches the enemy
				target.health -= damage;//make it lose some health
				destroyThis();//and destroy this guy
			}
			if(target == null || _root.gameOver == true){//destroy it if game is over
				destroyThis();
			}
		}
		public function destroyThis():void{
			//this function will just remove this guy from the stage
			this.removeEventListener(Event.ENTER_FRAME, eFrame);
			MovieClip(this.parent).removeChild(this);
		}
	}
}

The next thing we need to do is define some variables for the Turret. Open up “Turret.as” and add in the following code where we define the variables:

private var angle:Number; //the angle that the turret is currently rotated at
private var radiansToDegrees:Number = 180/Math.PI;//this is needed for the rotation
private var damage:int = 3;//how much damage this little baby can inflict
private var range:int = 100;//how far away (in pixels) it can hit a target
private var enTarget;//the current target that it's rotating towards
private var cTime:int = 0;//how much time since a shot was fired by this turret
private var reloadTime:int = 12;//how long it takes to fire another shot
private var loaded:Boolean = true;//whether or not this turret can shoot

Those are a lot of variables, aren’t they? Well, this is a pretty complex task, so we’re going to need all of them. So, brace yourself, for we are now going to jump into some code. Add this code to the eFrameEvents function in “Turret.as”:

//FINDING THE NEAREST ENEMY WITHIN RANGE
var distance:Number = range;//let's define a variable which will be how far the nearest enemy is
enTarget = null;//right now, we don't have a target to shoot at
for(var i:int=_root.enemyHolder.numChildren-1;i>=0;i--){//loop through the children in enemyHolder
	var cEnemy = _root.enemyHolder.getChildAt(i);//define a movieclip that will hold the current child
	//this simple formula with get us the distance of the current enemy
	if(Math.sqrt(Math.pow(cEnemy.y - y, 2) + Math.pow(cEnemy.x - x, 2)) < distance){
		//if the selected enemy is close enough, then set it as the target
		enTarget = cEnemy;
	}
}
//ROTATING TOWARDS TARGET
if(enTarget != null){//if we have a defined target
	//turn this baby towards it
	this.rotation = Math.atan2((enTarget.y-y), enTarget.x-x)/Math.PI*180 - 90;
	if(loaded){//if the turret is able to shoot
		loaded = false;//then make in unable to do it for a bit
		var newBullet:Bullet = new Bullet();//create a bullet
		//set the bullet's coordinates
		newBullet.x = this.x;
		newBullet.y = this.y;
		//set the bullet's target and damage
		newBullet.target = enTarget;
		newBullet.damage = damage;
		_root.addChild(newBullet);//add it to the stage
	}
}
//LOADING THE TURRET
if(!loaded){//if it isn't loaded
	cTime ++;//then continue the time
	if(cTime == reloadTime){//if time has elapsed for long enough
		loaded = true;//load the turret
		cTime = 0;//and reset the time
	}
}

Now, if you test the movie out, the turrets should be shooting at those darn red dots. Now, we have to make those dots die! In the eFrameEvents() function in “Enemy.as”, add the following code:

//remove this from stage when game is over
if(_root.gameOver){
	destroyThis();
}

Pretty hot stuff, ain’t it? Well, this concludes the fourth installment of this tutorial. Join us next time when we make levels and have winning and losing scenarios!

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